South Ural State Humanitarian Pedagogical University bulletin ЧГПУ

ISSN: 2618–9682
Impact factor RSCI: 0.236

SHOW IN eLibrary
DOI: 10.25588/CSPU.2018.03.23
UDC: 151.7
BBC: 88.834.021
Y.A. Rokitskaya ORCID
Academic Title of Associate Professor, Candidate of Sciences (Psychology), Associate Professor at the Department of Theoretical and Applied Psychology, South Ural State Humanitarian Pedagogical University, Chelyabinsk, Russia
E-mail: Send an e-mail
Factor structure of adolescents’ coping behavior

 Introduction. Coping behavior in the phase of active formation in adolescence performs a role of important predictor of psychological well-being, health and success. Coping behavior is aimed at increasing the adaptation of adolescents to the environment and it is determined through a set of coping strategies. Various aspects of this phenomenon remain debatable and poorly structured (definitions, classification, determination, functioning, efficiency). The purpose of the article is to theoretically substantiate, identify and analyze the results of factor analysis of adolescents’ coping behavior.

Materials and Methods. The author employs theoretical, empirical methods and methods of mathematical and statistical analysis-factor analysis (Factor Analysis) by principal components with Varymax rotation (Kayzer normalization).

Results. Factor analysis of the variables allowed us to select 7 main factors after the varimax rotation, which explained 71.87% of the total variance. Each component (factor) separated as a result of mathematical and statistical factorization procedure is an integration of variables-coping strategies with significant loads. The factor structure of coping behavior of adolescents was constructed, reflecting the hierarchical model of their coping behavior.

Discussion. The factor structure of adolescents’ coping behavior is analyzed. The category of dominant in adolescents are adaptive coping styles aimed directly at solving the problem situation, through a combination of behavioral, cognitive and social coping strategies.

Conclusion.The study showed the dominance in the structure of modern adolescents’ coping behavior adaptive coping styles focused on solving problems. The practical significance of the research is determined by the possibility of using the results obtained by social teachers and psychologists in the field of education in order to adequately predict the behavior of adolescents in a stressful situation, planning and implementing activities aimed at monitoring, prevention and correction of deviant (delinquent, addictive) behavior.


coping, coping behavior, coping strategies, adolescence, factor analysis

  • Native and foreign approaches to the definition of the phenomenology of coping behavior have been analyzed;
  • Overviews of the classification of coping strategies and their characteristics have been presented;
  • Empirically grounded idea of the structure of adolescents’ coping behavior based on the factorization of psychodiagnostic data has been formed.

1. Morozova T.Yu. (2014) Izuchenie osobennostej koping-povedeniya v junosheskom vozraste [Study of the peculiarities of coping behavior in adolescence] Sistemnaya psihologiya i sociologiya: Vserossijskoe periodicheskoe izdanie nauchno-prakticheskij zhurnal. 1. 9, 45–52. (In Russian).

2. Korytova G.S. (2017) Faktornaya struktura koping-povedeniya materej, vospityvayushchih detej rannego vozrasta s normativnym urovnem psihosocial’nogo razvitiya [Factor structure of coping behavior of mothers raising young children with a normative level of psychosocial development] Sibirskij psihologicheskij zhurnal. 65, 22–39. DOI: 10.17223/17267080/65/2. (In Russian).

3. Nartova-Bochaver S.K. (1997) Coping behavior» v sisteme ponyatij psihologii lichnosti [“Copying behavior” in the system of concepts of personality psychology] Psihologicheskij zhurnal. 5, 20–30. (In Russian).

4. Kryukova T. L. (2010) Psihologiya sovladaniya v raznye periody zhizni [Psychology coping in different periods of life] Kostroma, KGU im. N. A. Nekrasova, Kostromaizdat Publ. (In Russian).

5. Nabiullina R.R., Tuhtarov I.V. (2003) Mehanizmy psihologicheskoj zashchity i sovladaniya so stressom [Mechanisms of psychological protection and coping with stress:] Kazan’, Kazanskaya Gosudarstvennaya Medicinskaya Akademiya. (In Russian).

6. Rasskazova E.I., Gordeeva Т.О., Osin Е.N. (2013) Koping-strategii v strukture deyatel'nosti i samoregulyacii: psihometricheskie harakteristiki i vozmozhnosti primeneniya metodiki cope [Coping strategies in the structure of activity and self-regulation: psychometric characteristics and possibilities of using the cope technique ] Psihologiya. Zhurnal VSh`E. Vol. 10 (1), 82–118. (In Russian).

7. Amirhan D. (1990) Faktor analiticheskogo izmereniya kopingov: pokazatel’ koping-strategij [Factor of analytical measurement of copings: indicator of coping strategies] Moscow, Medicina Publ. (In Russian).

8. Ancyferova L.I. (2007) Lichnost’ v trudnyh zhiznennyh usloviyah: pereosmyslenie, preobrazovanie situacij i psihologicheskaya zashchita [Personality in difficult life conditions: rethinking, transformation of situations and psychological protection] Psihologicheskie osnovy professional’noj deyatel’nosti: hrestomatija. Moscow, PER SEH Logos Publ. (In Russian).

9. Billings A.G., Moos R.H. (1984) Coping, stress and social resources among adults with unipolar depression. J. Pers and Soc. Psychol. Vol. 46, 877–891. DOI: 10.1037//0022-3514.46.4.877

10. Tremolada M., Bonichini S., Taverna L. (2016) Coping Strategies and Perceived Support in Adolescents and Young Adults: the Predictive Model of Self-Reported Cognitive and Mood. PSYCH Publ., Vol.7 (14), 1858–1871. DOI: 10.4236/psych.2016.714171

11. Vaillant G. (2000) Adaptive mental mechanisms: Their role in a positive psychology. American Psychologist. Vol. 55 (1), 89–98. DOI: 10.1037//0003-066X.55.1.89

12. Clark K., and C. Bormann, Cropanzano, R., James K. (1995) Validation evidence for three coping measures. Journal of Personality Assessment. 65, 434–455. DOI: 10.1207/s15327752jpa6503_5

13. Folkman S. (1984) Personal control and stress and coping processes: A theoretical analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Vol. 46, 839-852. DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.46.4.839

14. Lasarus R., Folkman. S. (1984) Stress, appraisal and copying. New York: Springer Publishing Company.

15. Isaeva E.R. (2009) Koping-povedenie i psihologicheskaya zashchita lichnosti v usloviyah zdorov’ya i bolezni [Coping-behavior and psychological protection of personality in health and disease] Saint Petersburg, Izdatel’stvo SPbGMU. (In Russian).

16. Frydenberg E. (2004) Coping competencies. Theory into Practice. Vol. 43 (1), 14–22. DOI: 10.1207/s15430421tip4301_3

17. Kirshbaum Eh.I., Eremeeva A.I. (2005) Psihologicheskaya zashchita [Psychological protection] Saint Petersburg, Smysl, Piter Publ. (In Russian).

18. Nikol’skaya I.M., Granovskaya R.M. (2010) Psihologicheskaya zashchita u detej [Psychological protection in children] Saint Petersburg, Rech’ Publ. (In Russian).

19. Ostanina N.V. (2008) Podhody k klassifikacii koping-povedeniya v nauchnoj literature [Approaches to the classification of coping behavior in the scientific literature] Izvestiya RGPU im. A.I. Gertsena. 70, 127–132. (In Russian).

20. Aleksandrova L.A., Leont’ev D.A. (2016) Koping-strategii kak proyavlenie samoregulyacii [Coping strategies as a manifestation of self-regulation] Psihologiya stressa i sovladajuschego povedeniya: resursy, zdorov’e, razvitie: Materialy IV Mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoj konferencii. 22–24 September 2016.Kostroma, Vol. 1, 14–17. (In Russian).

21. Zhuravlev A. L., Sergienko E.A. (2011) Stress, vygoranie, sovladanie v sovremennom kontekste [Stress, burnout, coping in the modern context ] Moscow, Institut psihologii RAN Publ. (In Russian).

22. Asmolov A.G. (2010) Psihologiya lichnosti: kul’turno-istoricheskoe ponimanie razvitiya cheloveka [Psychology of personality: cultural and historical understanding of human development] Moscow, Smysl, Izdatel’skij centr «Akademija» Publ. (In Russian).

23. Sirota N.A., Yaltonskij V.M. (2014) Profilaktika i psihoterapiya narushenij psihosocial’noj adaptacii u podrostkov [Prophylaxis and therapy of disorders of psychosocial adaptation in adolescents] Moscow, RIO MGMSU Publ. (In Russian).

24. Kryukova T.L. (2013) Psihologiya sovladayushchego povedeniya: sovremennoe sostoyanie i psihologicheskie, sociokul’turnye perspektivy [Psychology of coping behavior: current state and psychological, socio-cultural perspectives] Vestnik KGU. 5, 184–188. (In Russian).

25. Kryukova T.L. (2012) Stili sovladaniya s zhiznennymi trudnostyami [Styles of coping with life difficulties ] Aktual’nye problemy psihologii lichnosti: sbornik nauchnyh statej. Grodno, GrGU Publ. (In Russian).

26. Bodrov V. A. (2012) Psihologicheskij stress. Razvitie i preodolenie [Psychological stress. Development and overcoming] Moscow, Per Seh. (In Russian).

27. Dolgova V.I., Rokitskaja Ju. A, Salamatov A.A. (2018) Individual’no-psihologicheskie prediktory adaptivnogo povedeniya podrostkov [Individual psychological predictors of adaptive behavior of adolescents] Vestnik Novosibirskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta. 1, 45–59. Available from: http://vestnik.nspu.ru/article/2718 (Accessed 20th May 2018) DOI: 10.15293/2226-3365.1801.03. (In Russian).