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Introduction. It becomes necessary to consider verbal manifestation of status-marked identity of interlocutors in language due to applicability of modern linguistic researches in social semiotics. Status-marked identity manifests itself in social status that represents different social roles that the speakers use in society via communication. The article examines the use of the English complimentary utterances by the representatives of different status-marked identities taking into account the situation of communication.
Materials and Methods. The aim of research influences on the choice of the following methodology, including the method of contextual analysis, the method of semantic and pragmatic interpretation, quantitative estimation. Complimentary utterances of the representatives of English and American linguacultures represented in modern fiction of the 21 century serve the material of research.
Results. It has been discovered that English and American complimentary utterances are used mainly in symmetrical situation of communication when the interlocutors obtain equal status-marked identities.
Discussion. The results of the study may be used in such courses as «Stylistics» and «Pragmalinguistics».
Conclusion. It has been revealed that the addressants of compliments use regardful mode of address and clichй models and do not use slangy expressions and different expressive means in asymmetrical situations of communication.
status-marked identity, horizontal social role, vertical social role, symmetrical situation of communication, asymmetrical situation of communication, complimentary utterances, English linguaculture, American linguaculture
- verbal manifestation of status-marked identity is determined by social status marker;
- the frequency of status-marked compliments depending on situation of communication has been identified;
- the structural models of compliments has been elaborated and presented
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